Cireundeu traditional village is a tourist village located in the village Leuwigajah, South Cimahi District, Cimahi City, West Java. The distinctive feature of this traditional village is that its principal food is not rice cassava like Indonesian people in general.
1. History Of Cireundeu Traditional Village
Cireundeu comes from the name of the tree “reundeu” named like that because formerly in this village a lot of population of reundeu tree. The reundeu tree is a tree for herbal medicine. Kampung Adat Cireundeu has a total area of 64 hectares consists of 60 hectares of agriculture and 4 hectares for settlement. The Cireundeu customary village community embraces and holds the belief of Sunda Wiwitan. Cireundeu indigenous villagers to this day always run the teachings of trust and preserve the customs of their ancestors.
The government has established the village of Adat Cireundeu as a customary village parallel to Kampung Naga (Tasikmalaya), Kaepuhan Cipta Gelar (Banten, Kidul, Sukabumi), Kampung Dukuh (Garut), Kampung Urug (Bogor), Kampung Mahmud (Bandung), and kampung adat Others.
2. Principles Of Cireundeu Indigenous Villagers
The ancestors of the Cireundeu community once advised them to plant cassava instead of rice. Beginning around 1918 when paddy fields planted padai dry and cause fuso. For antipation suggest
Cireundeu indigenous peoples strongly adhere to the belief, culture of traditional fiber.
Cireundeu Indigenous Peoples have the principle of “Ngindung Ka Waktu, Mibapa Ka Jaman” the meaning of the word “Ngindung Ka Waktu” is that we as villagers have their own ways, characteristics, and beliefs. While the “Mibapa Ka Jaman” has the meaning of Kampung Adat Cireundeu people will not fight against the changing era but will follow it as the technology, television, communication devices such as mobile phones, and lighting. This community has a customary village concept that is always remembered since ancient times, that is a region that is divided into three parts, namely :
Leuweung Prohibition (forbidden forests) ie forests that should not be felled because it aims to provide water storage for indigenous communities Cireundeu in particular.
Leuweung Tutupan (reforestation forest) ie the forest used for reforestation, the forest can be used the trees but the community must replant with new trees. The extent reaches 2 to 3 hectares.
Leuweung Baladahan (agricultural forest) ie forest that can be used for gardening indigenous people Cireundeu. Usually planted by corn, peanuts, singkong or cassava, and tubers.
3. Main Food Of Cireundeu Traditional Village
People started consuming cassava from 1924 until today. Another benefit of consuming cassava is the Cireundeu Adat Village residents are not affected by the price of staple goods that soar. Cireundeu people can maximize cassava crops, they can process them into sago by milled and then deposited after it is filtered. The second product after sago is the dregs which then in the drying and after drying into rice rice, they call it as constellation or angeun in Sundanese. That’s what they eat for everyday.
4. Traditional Ceremonies
Like most traditional villages in general, Cireundeu custom village communities have traditional ceremonies :
Ceremony 1 Sura
This ceremony or ritual is the Great Day or the Lebaran of the believer who is celebrated every 1 Sura according to Islamic year calendar. Usually done from the morning until the evening which is located in the Bale (a gathering place for indigenous peoples), bale itself has an architecture that has a special meaning, namely :
The upright roof shape means Cireundeu society has one purpose to God. In Kampung Adat Cireundeu itself the community is open to religion or belief other than their own, they see the difference especially in terms of a trust is something of beauty.
There are four pieces of cloth of different colors that contain the elements of earth, consisting of black color meaning “earth”, yellow meaning “wind”, white “water”, and the last red is fire.
The people of Kampung Adat Cireundeu have an open social condition with people outside the village. Main Food of Cireundeu Customary Villager
The ancestors of the Cireundeu community once advised them to plant cassava instead of rice. Beginning around 1918 when paddy fields planted padai dry and cause fuso. To anticipate the ancestors of Kampung Adat Cireundeu suggested planting cassava as a rice paddy. Because cassava can be planted during the dry season and rainy season.
Evident from the kinship system or marriage system and livelihood of Kampung Adat Cireundeu mostly cultivate cultivation. Most Cireundeu people do not like to wander or part with their peers. In addition, the pattern of settlement in Cireundeu indigenous people has a side door that must face to the east, this aims to light into the house sunlight.
As in most other traditional kampongs, Kampung Adat Cireundeu provides souvenirs for visitors of their cassava-based villages. The people of Kampung Cireundeu use cassava from its roots to its leaves, as its roots can be processed into constellations (rice cassava), ranggening, opak, cimpring, peyeum or tape, and various cakes made from cassava. The trunk can be used as seeds, the daunya can be made in lalapan or disayur can also be used as animal feed. Finally the skin can be made into processed foods, usually used as vegetable lodeh or jerky skin cassava.
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